Third US Spiritual Medical Conference:
George Washington University School of Medicine July 2010
Marlene Nobre MD
Winner Chico Xavier Peace Award from State of Minas Gerais in Brazil
Marlene Nobre MD is the President of the International Spiritist Medical Association (AME-Int). Spiritists are primarily physicians, neuroscientists, and other professionals who follow the teachings of 19th Century French educator, physician, and philosopher Allan Kardec. Many of these scientists and physicians are also mediums! Dr. Nobre lives in Brazil. She runs a day care facility in Diadema, a poor suburb of Sao Paulo, the country’s largest city. She is the author of many books on Spiritist doctrine, most of them published by Editora Fe, Brazil. My favorites are The Clamor of Life and The Soul of the Matter. The last book title gives you an idea of her wit and succinct wisdom. She is retired as an Obstetrician and Gynecologist and in the last two decades has dedicated herself to high-level conferences around the world presenting the cutting edge of neuroscience and spiritual understandings.
Top Down Causation: Meaning Consciousness Comes First
Dr. Nobre’s lecture is a broad overview of the concept of “top down causation” in science. We are so used to “bottom up” causation as an embedded scientific metaphor that we don’t even realize that in fact science (just the facts Ma’am) is not a philosophy at all! It is a system of thinking, a rational and logical way of understanding the world.